Prospective Students

9 Aug 2018

The importance of validating feelings

I haven’t posted about OT in a loong time here! But this situation arose the other day and it got me reflecting.

My friend and I were leaving a restaurant.

A white-haired woman was slowly headed towards the sidewalk in front of the restaurant. She had the panicked look of someone who is scared of falling. Another lady was holding her hand, helping steady her as they walked. A white-haired man waited at the curb for them.

As the unsteady woman reached the curb, requiring her to step up, she hesitated.

The man at the curb said to her, neutrally but with slight impatience: “It’s not a mountain.”

As I walked past, I chimed in: “It FEELS like a mountain.”

The woman instantly cried out, “YES! THANK YOU!” in a relieved tone. She felt validated/seen.

I am about to start teaching psychosocial OT/mental health to incoming Occupational Therapy Assistant (OTA) students, for the third time now, and one thing we circle back to again and again is validation of feelings of their clients.

Yes, maybe a curb is not a mountain, maybe other people have it worse, blah blah blah. But people crave validation. Especially people in pain or fear. It doesn’t mean we are agreeing with them. It just means we hear them, see them. Often, once a person feels validated, they’re then more willing to hear alternative points of view, or to move on.

The day I first introduce validation as an important component of therapeutic use of self with clients, I have them watch this brief clip from the incredible animated movie “Inside Out.”

In this sweet, sad clip, we quickly see the outcomes of invalidating versus validating feelings. Even children can understand the concept once it’s discussed using that clip as an example.

I love the concept of “therapeutic use of self” and address it in a blog post here as well:

9 Apr 2015

The Possibilities and Potential with an OT degree :)

Many people get degrees (history, art, religion, technology) then have NO idea what to do after graduation…it doesn’t necessarily feed into any one profession. They have so many possibilities, but first they have to figure out what to do next.

In occupational therapy (OT) or occupational therapy assistant (OTA) school, you know you will become an occupational therapy practitioner afterwards. It’s a “confined diversity” in that you aren’t going to sit around wondering, gee, what will I become when I graduate? That’s a great thing about clinical degrees.

And yet then your possibilities become remarkably diverse, once you’re an occupational therapy practitioner. You can work with newborns or those at the end of their life or anywhere in between. You can work with people who are completely healthy. You can work with people with physical challenges or mental health challenges, either congenital or acquired. There’s just no limit to what you can do. That’s what I love about OT. It let me go into a specific profession without any wondering, yet then opened up the skies so that I could do anything. 🙂

Just thinking out loud!

Category: Occupational Therapy, Prospective Students | Comments: none

11 Jan 2015

Hyperchange Curriculum for Occupational Therapy Students


In an Utopian OT world, there would be a weekly 3-hour course that spanned the duration of an occupational therapy student’s career in their master or doctorate OT program. It would primarily consist of guest speakers from other disciplines or expert OTs. Many would require real-world assignments. The curriculum would be extraordinarily interdisciplinary, cutting edge, relevant, and innovative, with a focus on what OT Jim Hinojosa addressed as “hyperchange” in his 2007 Slagle lecture. He discusses how OT student curriculums need to evolve so they better address “how” to learn, rather than “what”, with emphasis on flexible thinking, problem-solving, creativity, efficiency, and a much more interdisciplinary focus. Students would be equipped with cognitive tools to navigate the future, and learn how to access the information they need when in a constantly changing environment. He notes today’s students have spent their entire lives in a hyperchange environment, and are best suited to the challenges we face ahead in this area. Here are some of my (idealistic) class ideas.

  • Legalities and Liabilities of Innovative Practice (lawyer)
  •  Fundraising, Grant Writing, Finding Sponsors/Volunteers (expert)
  •  Entrepreneurialism, Marketing/Branding in Changing Healthcare world (marketer, designer)
  •  Keeping Occupations Intact in Face of Productivity/Budget Challenges (OT)
  •  Awareness of Eastern Medicine/Naturopaths/Alternative Healing (healer)
  • Interdisciplinary Relations: Collaboration and Creation (multi-disciplinary panels)
  • Healing Touch and Energetic/Touch Modalities (practitioner)
  • Inventions/Product Design, How To (experienced inventor)
  • Perspectives of client and therapists in mental Health OT (client, mental health OT)
  •  Perspectives of client and therapists in OT Emerging Practice Areas (panel of OTs and clients of differing areas)
  • Flexible-Thinking and Problem-Solving (cognitive psych? hmm)
  •  Perspectives of OT from Other Disciplines (panel)
  • Creative Use of Thrift Store/Dollar Store Materials
  • Creating Something out of Nothing: Ninja OT with limited access to materials
  • Psychology of Persuasion, Motivation, Hope (specialized psychologist)
  • Psychology of Trauma/Grief: Reflective Listening and Clinical Communication Skills (specialized psychologist)
  • Psychology of Illusions and Conmen: Skillfully using psychological techniques of distraction, expectation, and perspectives to approach challenging OT sessions (guest performance pickpocketer or similar – see bottom for details – not to be used in a manipulative way but rather helpful).
  • Lots more ideas!

I know my program (I graduated in 2009) addressed some of these, and I hope and imagine many current programs are addressing this via prerequisites or within the program itself. I’d love to hear what other OTs would like addressed, or what educators are already starting to address. I’m currently in a post-professional OTD program, so I’m thinking a lot about education!


Bonus: I highly recommend you look at the youtube video and article on the following two real-life characters: Apollo Robbins is a famed (performance) pickpocket who uses the victim’s expectations and distraction against him: for the article

This 6-minute video amazed me – he was able to pickpocket the victim even though the victim KNEW Apollo was about to try, and when you watch it assuming you will be able to tell, you can’t. Shocking.  

Frank Abagnale was a conman made famous by the movie Catch Me if you Can, although I prefer his autobiography. He was able to successfully impersonate a pilot and doctor and other highly skilled professions, as well as start a new type of check forgery, by the time he was 19. He did a stint in jail, but ultimately ended up working for the FBI in their check fraud department, because he knew better than any non-criminal how to do it! He also used distractions, expectations, perspectives of other, and illusion, as his methods for success.

18 Nov 2014

Occupational Therapists and Kintsukuroi: Repairing with Gold.

Applicable to the heartbreak sometime seen for people in occupational therapy

As occupational therapists, we often work with those who feel broken. Sometimes I think applying or receiving the lacquer of repair – and seeing the beauty in it – helps us restore our souls.

18 Jun 2014

**Top 12 Things You Should Know For Your Fieldwork**

A list of things to help occupational therapy students prepare or get through their fieldworks/internships in preparation for becoming an independent practitioner.

1. BE PROACTIVE AND REACTIVE. If you have a patient with fragile X syndrome tomorrow, research it in advance. If you see a patient with fragile X syndrome and realize you would benefit from more knowledge or have questions, research it after. Maybe you can present your supervisor with some helpful resources you found, or be better prepared for next time.

2. ASK QUESTIONS, AND KNOW WHEN TO ASK THEM. Supervisors and practitioners of any field are hopefully happy to answer your questions. It’s a great sign that you are processing and synthesizing information. But when you are both with a patient, use your best judgment as to whether it’s an appropriate time to ask it. If in doubt, don’t ask it then. Write it down so you don’t forget or at least scribble a “trigger word” reminder down for later. Bombarding your supervisor with questions at the last second of the day while they hurriedly try to get their act together, isn’t appreciated either. Collaborate on finding a good time to ask the questions.

3. YOU WILL MAKE STUPID MISTAKES AND IT’S OKAY. I’m not talking about safety ones here, I’m talking about basics. Forgetting where you put your pen, or being unable to open a simple container, or bumping into something. You are nervous and on your best behavior and you are trying soooo hard to impress your supervisor. That means you will make the stupidest mistakes of all, and we get it. We were there too. We (likely) aren’t judging you harshly for mistakes that we know are from nervousness.

4. SAFETY COMES FIRST. Stupid mistakes with opening a container are fine, dropping a patient is not. If you don’t feel safe with a patient for any reason (whether it’s for a physical impairment or mental health/cognitive reason), you need to ask for guidance. You may hesitate because you don’t want your supervisor to realize you don’t know how to do something you probably should by now, or to cause them trouble. Guess what? It causes them FAR more trouble, and FAR less confidence in your abilities, if you make a mistake that hurts a patient because you were more concerned about yourself than the patient.

5. HAVE A “CHEAT SHEET”. Common abbreviations, alarm codes, locations, phone numbers, little tidbits of information, whatever. Jot it all down. Keep an index card on your clipboard or in your pocket. When you’re stressed, and you likely will be, you are going to have trouble remembering all the little things you usually don’t have issues with. It’s appreciated when you don’t have to ask your supervisor every 5 minutes for a code they’ve given you twice now.

6. BE EXTRA HELPFUL . Your supervisor will eventually (hopefully) be helped by your presence, but at first, you are an awful lot of extra work, no matter how amazing you are. See something that you can easily put back in place, or clean off, or make more efficient? See a little errand you could run? Offer to do it, or ask permission. You may want to do it without permission but just ensure it’s not something being done deliberately. For example, don’t put away a 100-piece jigsaw puzzle that is laid out, with 6 pieces still undone, unless you are positive it’s not being saved for some reason. Don’t try to organize a drawer of equipment unless you understand its purpose, usage patterns, and knew that someone jumbled it up yesterday but that it looked a specific way the day before.

7. FOCUS ON LEARNING EVEN DURING DOWNTIME AT WORK. If you have any downtime in your work day beyond your legitimate break (haha, good luck) or lunch, you should be actively learning. This is your chance. It’s so tempting to get on your phone a while and veg out during a gap. Maybe sometimes you need it for your mental health or to deal with something. But ideally should be researching, or cleaning, or formulating questions, or updating your cheat sheet, or something that shows determination and drive. Don’t be too zealous and don’t bug your supervisor too much if it’s clear they need a break. But at the very least, ask if there is anything they would like you to do or anything you can do to help, during the downtime.

8. EXPECT AND WELCOME CONSTRUCTIVE CRITICISM. You’re a student, you’re interning, you don’t know everything. You will make mistakes you don’t even know you’re making. Maybe you will talk too loud, or be “too” helpful. (One time I was trying to get my kids to advocate that they need a pencil by giving them a writing task, paper but no pencil, and then deliberately turning away to occupy myself. My shadow jumped up to get it before I could – a perfectly valid thing to do, but I had to give her feedback to wait until I asked since it was often a deliberate act on my part.) Maybe you won’t realize you are insulting a patient with your word choices, or that you keep forgetting to teach a certain skill. The whole point of your internship is to grow. You can’t grow if you aren’t aware, and “you don’t know what you don’t know.” It may sting, especially when you are trying your best and had such good intentions. Try to therefore hold the intent of the person giving you feedback, which is only about making you be even better than you already are. Don’t be defensive. Nod and give appreciative for the feedback.

9. YOUR PLACEMENT/THERAPISTS MAY NOT BE YOUR IDEAL, AND YOU CAN STILL LEARN A LOT. Maybe you really, really, really wanted to do pediatrics, but instead you got a hand specialty. Maybe you have a super stern or um, supervisor with a conflicting personality type, versus the warm/fuzzy one you craved. If there is a true moral/ethical/safety/major concern, speak up to your fieldwork advisor at the school for a potential placement change. If it’s a frustrating/annoying experience, get advice, but realize you are likely in it for the three months if it’s a Level II. You will still learn a lot, even if it’s a lot of what NOT to do, or to work in the face of adversity. A lot of employers ask their potential employees about a time they had a conflict with a coworker, and this will be great for that interview question! Lucky you, right????

10. YOU WILL SOMETIMES FEEL LIKE AN IMPOSTER. It’s okay, we get it. We have all been there. Sometimes we’re still there, when we encounter new situations or change areas of practice. You may feel like you have no idea what you’re doing, but if you are doing it safely, and look confident, and your supervisor, colleagues, and patients are not giving you negative feedback, you’re probably just fine. You will think “gosh, they say I’m doing a good job, but if they REALLY knew how little I know, they wouldn’t say that. I’m just hiding it.” Happy to tell you that you’re probably doing better than you think. Give yourself some credit.

The ten above are pretty universal for all fieldwork students, and the two below are more targeted towards people like me, who have had a long struggle with depression and/or anxiety, and found fieldwork even more challenging than normal, because of it.

11. YOU WILL GET IT EVENTUALLY. This is somewhat similar to the fraud piece. You will likely feel overwhelmed at first, that you will never understand it all, that it’s just way too much, and you will fail. That everyone else can do it, that something is wrong with you, that all your schooling was worthless because you won’t get through the fieldwork. You will be scared. You will be SO CONVINCED it won’t click. But guess what, it will and does. It takes at least a week to start to get a picture of anything, and by the end of the second week you’ll have so much more knowledge than you would have guessed, although a lot of it you may not even give yourself credit for. With every week, more and more scaffolding will help you learn. Unfortunately, at the same time, they’re increasing your independence, so it’s somewhat of a balancing act in terms of anxiety. Keep telling yourself out loud, over and over and over again, whether you believe it or not, that you will get through it. Because you will. It’s a miracle, I’m hardly even exaggerating for once, that I made it through. I’m a great masker, nobody at work truly knew the extent of it. But I did it. YOU WILL TOO. AND IT IS WORTH IT. Because once you’re out of fieldwork, you can go into what you WANT to go into. You can do what feels comfortable, you can work without necessarily feeling like someone is watching you intently, you can start to relax. Which leads to…

12. USE YOUR RESOURCES. This may be your exercise/yoga class, a meditation session or church, a good friend, family, a hobby, the Internet/social media, mentors, textbooks, whatever. Something that gives you confidence in your knowledge, or lets you decompress/relax, or gives you support in whatever form you need. This can also include a psychologist and/or a psychiatrist. I would not have gotten through fieldwork, 100% for sure, without many of these resources, and most especially a psychologist and psychiatrist. Not something I should ideally mention to the world, and many of you people over the age of 35 or so will grimace that I admit it publicly (different perceptions of privacy), but IT IS SO IMPORTANT for people to realize how prevalent it is, and that only happens if people admit it. Yep, I struggled a lot in fieldwork, mostly due to the anxiety disorder. And yes, it was all worth it. And I’ve been a practitioner less time than many of my coworkers because of needing breaks, but I’m on my fourth year now of being a practitioner. And I love, love, love, love being an occupational therapist. And I would do the entire process all over in a heartbeat, even though it nearly killed me at times. IT WAS WORTH IT. If you have passion for the field, and you ARE WILLING TO ADMIT YOU NEED HELP in whatever form that takes (yoga, friends, counseling, any of it), you have a high probability of success.

By the way, I’ve written a little about OT Student fears in the past, and some ways to impress your professors, and if you go to my archives, I wrote roughly a thousand posts in OT school during 2006 to 2009.

Click “Read More” for the rest of the information, which may be helpful to prospective students who have no idea what I am talking about when I reference Level I and Level II fieldworks. 🙂 

koala (more…)

13 Apr 2011

Will I ever be good enough? OT student Fears

Okay, I got this letter from a sweet OT student, sharing her fieldwork fears, who is clearly going to be JUST FINE. 🙂 So my answer is on top, her e-mail is on bottom.

Regarding the fear of not being good enough yet, or that you’ll never be good enough: ASKING THAT QUESTION MEANS YOU ARE GOOD ENOUGH. 🙂 if you have a healthy respect (sometimes fear) of what you don’t know, you will always strive to learn more – with continuing education, reaching out to mentors, etc. It means you are far above most people/therapists and that you clearly show the compassion/concern/desire for growth that makes you an excellent clinician.

It’s true, your skills aren’t perfect yet -and won’t be for a long time. But with each day you will learn new things and slowly you will see the growth you want. Having a good mentor – or multiple mentors – is huge. Reach out to people you admire in the field. Talk to your co-workers. Read books written by people with the diagnoses you treat. Read community forums for those people. Put yourself in their shoes. Practice with your cooperative friends. Observe people in the supermarket. I promise you, these skills that seem so elusive, will eventually come.

Just keep working at them and realize you are doing your best. Also, everyone has their own strengths and weaknesses. There are things that you as a new practitioner bring to the table that an experienced practitioner can’t – such as fresh eyes, recent education, a (hopefully) still unjaded attitude, a creativity for “out of the box” ideas that mostly comes from not knowing any better/different, and then your own therapeutic value. You may have more compassion, more kindness, more creativity, who knows. A lot of times patients are helped just by having someone there who cares. Realize that half the battle – if not more – is just having the patient feel that sense of value/connection with you. Using your “therapeutic use of self.”

So have faith in yourself. Believe in yourself. Know that as long as you ALWAYS know – even twenty years from now – that you don’t know everything and that’s okay. Know that we are in a profession that thrives on constant growth and development, and NONE of us, not even the AOTA president or your most revered OT mentor, know it all. There will be periods you feel great about your growth, periods where you are depressed about what you don’t know, and periods where you don’t care or think you are doing fine. It will all balance out. Just keep growing the way you are now and you will be fine.

PS: I guarantee you will do things in your first year (or years) where you will look back and go WHAT WAS I THINKING OH MY GOSH. Or “I’m such a fraud. They like me and think I am doing a good job but I have no idea what I’m doing.” That’s okay. Everyone feels like a fraud. Everyone has those movements of retrospection where they realize what all they didn’t know. Just keep working to improve your skills, realize you don’t know what you don’t know, but as long as you follow the mantra of “Do no harm”, you’ll be okay, and you’ll survive those moments of WHAT WAS I DOING?! 🙂

Hi Karen,
I am a fourth year OT student at the University of EDITED, currently on my level II Fieldwork. I came across your blog when researching one of my many projects and it was a big encouragement (and nice distraction!) for me. Thank you for writing it!  I needed a little humor, and reading many of your postings rung true with my own experiences in OT school! It’s so nice to know that you have been there, made it through and are now a successful practitioner (because sometimes we wonder…is it all worth it? Will I make it through, graduate, practice for a while, learn, become awesome, and NOT hurt my patients? lol)

As I have been both excited and challenged by my experiences in fieldwork,  I found that I would really love to ask you a few questions, if you wouldn’t mind.

First, I am very afraid for my first patients. I have learned treatment planning pretty well in an inpatient rehab setting (as well as can be expected after three months), but I am still struggling with evaluations. I’m missing silly things like tone, or misjudging ROM or balance, things that I am super super annoyed with because I feel like I should know them! Ugh! I really want to believe that I’ll be a great OT, but that’s hard right now when I can’t imagine it, although I’ve been trying very hard to master skills, (I know I lack clinical reasoning). I’m scared that I won’t be able to pick up on all the details I need to to holistically treat my patients and give them the quality care that they deserve, It’s so frustrating! Any suggestions for how to improve, and/or what the first few years are like after graduation?

I won’t take up any more of your time, but I am so glad I found your blog, wish you all the best, and hope to hear from you soon!

Thanks so much!
JANE DOE, Occupational Therapy Student
University EDITED

10 Sep 2007

Top Ten Ways to Impress your Occupational Therapy Professors

10. Have the attitude that any occupational therapist/student caught having patients stack cones (which is NOT occupation-based!) will be immediately slaughtered. Period. (weallknowtherearegoodexcusesforthissometimes

9. Be able to rattle off areas of occupation, performance skills, and client factors, without blinking an eye. (It’s all about the OTPF, baby!)

8. Worship the concept of being client-centered and holistic and occupation-based. Burn occupation candles on your altar and sacrifice small goats in its honor.

7. Realize that when in doubt, answer “Occupational Profile” (it’s a top-down process!) and you will probably be right.

6. Be a member of your state’s OT association as well as AOTA. Know the main leaders of these two associations, and go to the annual conferences. (NETWORK NETWORK! NETWORK!) Also get the enhanced student membership that allows you to get the magazine OT Practice. Read it and write in if you have anything to say. They might publish you, I swear. My blog link got in there! That means pigs are flying around in a frozen Hell, so you might as well try too.

5. Know the famed names Case-Smith (pediatric occupational therapy textbook), Willard & Spackman (OT Bible textbook), Trombley (Physical Dysfunction textbook), Carol Kranowitz (The Out-of-Sync Child), Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lecturer (huge honor, awarded speaker gets to speak at AOTA Conference each year), and Ora Ruggles (OT Pioneer).

4. Tell the following joke when discussing the patella or pisiform bone: What did the anatomy professor say to the closed passageway? OPEN SESAMOID. Okay this is actually a way to get your professor to groan and hate your guts (have a “visceral” reaction), but it’s totally my favorite joke and I am so proud of it so I had to put it somewhere.

3. Save absolutely EVERYTHING you do, including good e-mails you send/receive. You might have professional development evaluations (PDEs) at some point and it would be great if you could whip out a ton of evidence showing how amazing and professional you are, showing lots of initiative, actively networking, and exhibiting a strong OT identity.

2. Refresh your memory every month or so on major muscles, major frames of references, ROM, goniometry, and other things you spent a lot of time on. Most people (including me) forget everything they learn. Try to retain your knowledge. This will also impress fieldwork supervisors, on both Level I and Level II fieldworks.

1. Don’t whine about having so many group projects, and don’t be the Type-A project manager every time. Show you are a versatile team player who can lead or follow, depending on what is needed. And remember that a good leader makes leaders, not followers.

0. Don’t be narrow-minded with your career focus. Professors can’t stand knowing you have come into the program with the intention of ONLY going into pediatrics or some other narrow specialty. You might fall in love with something else. Just let yourself be open to the possibilities. (And if you can eventually align yourself with a smaller specialty like vestibular or low vision, the occupational therapy world could totally be your OysTer.)

-1. Don’t do the steps above all at once! Otherwise, everyone, including the professors, will think you are a know-it-all-genius-freak. That’s not good.

I sincerely hope that after reading this list you all feel ready to go out and impress your new occupational therapy professors!